Human trafficking is the trade in people, especially women and children, and does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another.

Human trafficking leads to modern slavery, a situation of exploitation resulting in either forced labor or forced marriage. The victim cannot refuse or leave because of threats, violence, coercion, deception, and/or abuse of power.

A child is generally accepted to be under the age of 18 years old – they are victims and cannot legally consent to situations and actions that are results of trafficking.